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The cleanup of Department of the Navy (DON) Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) sites poses a major challenge because of the wide variety of activities conducted at these sites over time. Depending on the types of contaminants found, there may be specific investigation or remedial steps that will need to be considered.  

Jump to Resources to access Policies & Guidance, Publications, Related Sites, and Tools



Most DON installations (or former installations) have provided a variety of support functions for aircraft, submarines, and ships. The types of facilities associated with past contaminant releases include primarily underground storage tanks, tank farms, firefighting training areas, landfills, paint shops, plating shops, cleaning/degreasing operations, dry cleaners, and ordnance/firing ranges. Historic waste management practices associated with these activities may have resulted in the release of contaminants to soil, groundwater, surface water, and sediment.

The environmental impacts from historic releases at these sites are caused primarily by petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater, chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) in groundwater and indoor air, and metals in soil and groundwater. In addition, metals and persistent contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) may be found in sediment as a result of stormwater runoff over time. Some installations also have contamination as a result of munitions response activities and/or the use of materials containing emerging contaminants.

The majority of these releases occurred prior to the establishment of current environmental laws via accidental spills and/or commonly accepted waste disposal practices that are no longer acceptable today. The ERP is designed to identify and clean up sites that were impacted by these hazardous substance releases in order to protect human health and the environment and to return valuable land for mission-essential use or community reuse as appropriate.

A selection of resources is summarized below that can support Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) in addressing the types of contaminants found at DON ERP sites.

The Federal Remediation Technologies Roundtable (FRTR) also offers a technology screening matrix that incorporates selection criteria related to contaminant type.

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) provides a comprehensive list of toxicological profiles for several contaminants as listed in alphabetical order.







Light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, motor oil


Total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH)

Benzene (B)

Toluene (T)

Ethylbenzene (E)

Xylene (X)

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

NAVFAC Petroleum Web Page


NAVFAC LNAPL Site Management Handbook


EPA Clu-In MTBE Web Page


DoD EnviroWiki PAH Web Page


ITRC LNAPL Update Web Page


ITRC TPH Risk Documents

Chlorinated Solvents


Dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL)


Tetrachloroethene or perchloroethylene (PCE)

Trichloroethylene (TCE)

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)

NAVFAC DNAPL Management Overview Handbook


NAVFAC Vapor Intrusion Web Page


EPA Clu-In DNAPL Web Page


EPA Clu-In TCE Web Page


DoD EnviroWiki Chlorinated Solvents


ITRC Integrated DNAPL Site Characterization


Metals and Metalloids





EPA Clu-In Arsenic Web Page


EPA Clu-In Chromium Web Page


DoD EnviroWiki Metals Metalloid Web Page


ITRC Attenuation Processes for Metals and Radionuclides

Persistent Contaminants


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

NAVFAC Handbook for Determining the Sources of PCB Contamination in Sediments


EPA Clu-In PCB Web Page

Munitions Response


Munitions and explosives of concern (MEC)

Munitions constituents (MCs)


Trinitrotoluene (TNT)

Cyclonite (RDX)

NAVFAC Munitions Response Web Page


NAVFAC Attenuation Pathways for Munitions Constituents in Soils and Groundwater


DoD SERDP-ESTCP Munitions Response Web Page

DoD EnviroWiki Munitions Constituents Web Page

Emerging Contaminants

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)





NAVFAC Emerging Contaminants Web Page


Title and Description




Federal Remediation Technology Roundtable (FRTR) Remediation Technologies Screening Matrix

A user-friendly tool for screening potentially applicable technologies for a remediation project. Covers in situ and ex situ technologies for soil and groundwater remediation. Variables used in screening include contaminants, development status, overall cost, and cleanup time.

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