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"A clean, healthy environment is essential to supporting the Department of the Navy's primary mission."

Goals and Metrics

Learn more about the goals and metrics that are used to measure DON ERP progress.

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ERP consists of IRP, MRP, and BRAC Program

Installation Restoration Program

The DON IRP was established to reduce the risk to human health and the environment from past waste disposal operations and hazardous substances spills.

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Munitions Response Program

The DON MRP was established to clean up discarded military munitions, unexploded ordnance (UXO), and their chemical residues at closed ranges and munitions disposal sites.

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BRAC Program

The DON BRAC Program was established to expeditiously and cost effectively realign, close, and dispose of DON BRAC properties.

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CERCLA Process

Explore how DON environmental restoration efforts progress through CERCLA phases and key milestones.

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Roles and Responsibilities

Understand how DON organizations, commands, activities, and personnel work together to execute and manage the DON ERP.

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Success Stories

Share stories of how DON ERP teams successfully implemented restoration projects, while actively engaging with local partners.

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The DON Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) continues to make significant progress toward cleaning up and closing sites in an efficient, effective, and sustainable manner. To accomplish cleanup, DON's environmental restoration team encourages and supports partnerships among various stakeholders, including state and federal regulators, American Indian tribes, and local communities.

Department of Defense (DoD) uses the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980 as a model for environmental cleanups by the military components (Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps). Therefore, environmental restoration efforts at DON installations generally follow the process established by CERCLA. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action requirements and the state-led RCRA Underground Storage Tank (UST) cleanup requirements also may be applied to DON facilities by regulatory agencies.

The Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986 mandated DoD to follow the same cleanup regulations that apply to private entities and established the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP). Through the DERP, DoD conducts environmental restoration activities on active installations, installations undergoing Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC), and formerly used defense sites (FUDS). The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) provides oversight for the DERP; however, each service is responsible for its implementation.

DON implements the ERP following the guidance laid out in DERP and the DON ERP manuals. The DON ERP is organized into the following program categories: 1) Installation Restoration Program (IRP), 2) Munitions Response Program (MRP), and 3) Building Demolition/ Debris Removal (BD/DR). The BD/DR category provides demolition and removal of unsafe buildings or structures that are subject to CERCLA hazardous substances or pollutants or contaminants. DON conducted these in the past, but the current and projected DON plan has no funds budgeted for this category. DoD approval is required prior to proceeding in this category.

Collectively, these categories address chemical risks and/or other hazards in the environment likely to impact DON installations. DON response actions reasonably interpret and apply United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policy and guidance when making cleanup decisions. 

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